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India holds the second largest agriculture land in the world. With 20 Agro-Climatic zones, all 15 major climates in the world exist in India. The country possesses 46 out of the 60 soil types in the world. India is the largest producer of pulses, milk, tea, cashew and mangoes; and is the second largest producer of tea, wheat, sugarcane and rice. The demand for processed food is increasing with increasing urbanization, young population and number of nuclear families. The food processing industry is one of the largest industries in India, ranking fifth in terms of production, development, consumption and export. The market of Indian food processing industry is expected to touch USD 482 billion in 2022 from 258 billion in 2015. The Government of India is making all efforts to encourage investment in trade through the Ministry of Food Processing Industries. It has approved proposals for joint ventures, foreign collaborations; industrial licenses and 100 percent export oriented units. Pradhan Mantri Kisan Sampada Yojana, Mega Food Park, Integrated Cold Storage and Value Addition, Infrastructure, Agro Processing Cluster, Backward and Forward Linkage Scheme, National Mission on Infrastructure Construction and Food Processing to ensure food security and quality are the schemes which were started few years ago. In present article, light has been drawn on opportunities and challenges linked to Indian Food Processing Industry.
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